Neural Coding of Motor Performance

Experimental Brain Research Series Band 7

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This volume covers the proceedings of a symposium held in Marseille in March 1982 as a satellite meeting of the IBRO First World Congress in Lausanne. About 70 participants from more than ten countries attended the symposium, whose central theme was "Neural Coding of Motor Performance. " Whereas coding within the sensory systems has been dis cussed widely, coding in the field of motor control has been analyzed much less. Over the past 10 years an impressive amount of information has been assembled combining re- . cordings in central and peripheral neural structures during the performance of simple and complex motor tasks. Data such as those relating the behavioral phenomena of the awake animal to single-cell recordings from various cerebral areas have been carefully worked out by a number of investigators. It was thought at the symposium that the time had come for this infor mation to be collected and reexamined, and presented in one volume. The present book was conceived to cover the scope and significance of coding throughout the nervous system. by "coding" in the central nervous system? This What is meant question can be answered in general by bringing together data and viewpoints from many disciplines - behavior, neurophysi ology, neuropharmacology - and clinical observations. Gen erally speaking, one may call coding a method of communica tion, i. e. , the language that brain cells use for exchange of information.


Einband Taschenbuch
Herausgeber J. Massion, J. Paillard, W. Schultz, M. Wiesendanger
Seitenzahl 346
Erscheinungsdatum 16.12.2011
Sprache Englisch
ISBN 978-3-642-68917-8
Verlag Springer Berlin
Maße (L/B/H) 23,3/15,9/2,5 cm
Gewicht 546 g
Auflage Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1983

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  • Introductory Lecture: The Functional Labelling of Neural Codes.- Neural Systems in the Context of Coding.- Neuronal Activities in Primary Motor Area and Premotor Regions.- Cortico-Basal Ganglia Relations and Coding of Motor Performance.- Cortico-Cerebellar Loops.- Presynaptic Controls in the Neostriatum: Reciprocal Interactions Between the Nigro-Striatal Dopaminergic Neurons and the Cortico-Striatal Glutamatergic Pathway.- From Immobility to Motion.- Patterns of Activities in the Ventrobasal Thalamus and Somatic Cortex SI During Behavioral Immobility in the Awake Cat: Focal Waking Rhythms.- Premovement Cortical Potentials Associated With Self-Paced and Reaction Time Movements.- The Initiation of Movements.- Involvement of Monkey Premotor Cortex in the Preparation of Arm Movements.- Anticipatory Neuronal Activity in the Monkey Precentral Cortex During Reaction Time Foreperiod: Preliminary Results.- Facilitation of the H-Reflex in a Simple and Choice Reaction Time Situation.- Changes in Mechanical Impedance and Gain of the Myotatic Response During Transitions Between Two Motor Tasks.- A Comparison of Neuronal Discharge Recorded in the Sensori-Motor Cortex, Parietal Cortex and Dentate Nucleus of the Monkey During Arm Movements Triggered by Light, Sound or Somesthetic Stimuli.- Different Neuronal Populations Within Area 5 of the Monkey.- Effects of Lesion of Posterior Parietal Area 7 on Visually Guided Movements in Monkeys.- The Encoding of Motor Acts by the Substantia Nigra.- Neuronal Activity in Area 4 and Movement Parameters Recorded in Trained Monkeys After Unilateral Lesion of the Substantia Nigra.- Activity of Neurones in the “Motor” Thalamus and Globus Pallidus During the Control of Isometric Finger Force in the Monkey.- Are Coding Schemes Actually Used? The Cooling Test Demonstration.- Structural Coding: Prewired Addressing.- Neocerebellar Synergies.- Function of Intermediate Cerebellum in Motor Control.- Cortical Addresses of Distal Muscles: A Study in the Conscious Monkey Using the Spike-Triggered Averaging Technique.- Comparison of Movement-Related Activity and Receptive Field Properties of Neurons in Primate Motor Cortex.- Area 4 Cell Activity During Learning of a New Amplitude of Movement.- Intervertebrate Motor Command During Walking: A Model for the Study of Neuronal Coding.- Coding of Motor Performance.- Muscle Spindle Contribution to the Coding of Motor Activities in Man.- After-Effects of Fusimotor Activity: Long-Lasting Enhancement of the Dynamic Sensitivity of IA Muscle Spindle Afferents Following Stimulation of Dynamic or Static Gamma-Axons.- A Technique for Reversible Fusimotor Blockade During Chronic Recording from Spindle Afferents in Walking Cats.- Neural Control Drives a Muscle Spring: A Persisting yet Limited Motor Theory.- Functional Organization of Claw Protrusion in the Cat.- Discharge Patterns of Cerebellar Cortical Neurons During the Co-Activation and Reciprocal Inhibition of Forearm Muscles.- Activity of Feline Motor Cortical Units to Cutaneous Stimuli During Locomotion and Lifting, Falling and Landing.- Neural Coding of Force and of Rate of Force Change in the Precentral Finger Region of the Monkey.- Spatial Coding of Movement: A Hypothesis Concerning the Coding of Movement Direction by Motor Cortical Populations.- Résumé.- Author Index.